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Microsoft workplace. Microsoft Excel. each productiveness tools are so embedded in the cloth of world commerce that in spite of the fact that innovative recent apps blew Microsoft’s proverbial doors off day after today, it will doubtless nonetheless buy years for that upstart to fully overtake and usurp the entrenched common.
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Microsoft has published an update roundup weblog post for users of Microsoft 365. The company particulars sum of the changes made to the subscription service throughout February. added to the kit during the month had been a couple of recent protection features, groups integrations, and plenty extra.
in terms of safety, Microsoft 365 has received Microsoft threat specialists this week. The duty is designed to “proactively hunt and prioritize threats”. somewhere else, Microsoft has delivered an “Ask a hazard knowledgeable” button to the windows Defender ATP.
groups is a colossal fraction of the Microsoft 365 bundle this present day, and in February some healthcare integrations were introduced. above all, cozy messaging and precedence notifications are now supported. FHIR-enabled electronic fitness facts are actually supported in teams.
Over at the Microsoft Authenticator, which no offers safety notifications to users on Microsoft 365.
In its weblog, Microsoft likewise recapped its launch of a recent office software. The revolutionary internet software (PWA) acts as a alternative for the My workplace app.
At its core the brand recent PWA is workplace.com in app kind. This means the individual workplace apps relish observe, PowerPoint, surpass don't look to exist here. besides the fact that children, those apps may likewise exist launched from inside the hub.
in its place, the app works as a vital hub for workplace apps. here that you can see issues relish contacts, recent files, and more across observe, Excel, PowerPoint, OneDrive, Outlook, groups, Yammer and different apps.
“businesses can additionally buy potential of the capacity to integrate third-birthday celebration apps, enable clients to search for files and people across the corporation, and customize the event with their own branding.”
identify: Octavio Avila-Cardet
homeland: Guantanamo, Cuba
what's your principal? desktop science
where did you intern? What did you Do there? I interned for Microsoft as a application engineer. I worked in the core features branch the site interior tools and software that could exist used by using other Microsoft employees are developed. My team became liable for constructing a data reporting software to allow teams to duty information reporting on surpass using their records. The application is used with the aid of about half of the enterprise (a bit more than 50,000 clients).
How did you gain your internship? I got my internship by attending a profession unprejudiced at FIU in descend 2017, hosted by passage of FIU’s profession and skill construction office. a friend of mine informed me concerning the profession reasonable, so I went online and applied to a number of corporations that had been attending the career reasonable, including Microsoft, facebook and Amazon. Some days later, I bought an e mail to Do an in-grownup interview at FIU’s Engineering core. Then i was invited to interview at the desirable Microsoft campus in Redmond, Washington, for a set of interviews. A month later, I received the present to intern at Microsoft. i used to exist shocked, however excited!
What counsel Do you maintain got for those genesis the internship method? gain any internship event that you could gain even if it’s not your dream enterprise. youngsters, Do are trying to gain an internship immediate to what you are looking to labor on after college. Having an internship in your resume really offers you an facet over folks that don’t. The summer earlier than Microsoft, I had a different internship at SAIC (Science applications international business enterprise), which is a armed forces contractor it truly is akin to Northrop Grumman and Lockheed Martin.
What tasks did you labor on? i was assigned to boost a web-based mostly consumer interface to enable recent teams to onboard quicker since the steer technique of onboarding every now and then would buy months. With my interface, it might only buy 20 minutes. It turned into a really large challenge and although I finished most of it, it is noiseless under additional development by means of my crew. I’m excited to see how it has stepped forward on account that I completed my internship.
How did your internship join again to your coursework? Some foundational concepts I realized in my information structures classification maintain been essential, specifically learning a passage to assess how productive your algorithm is. This allowed me to identify areas of my code that mandatory optimizing. The basic programming expertise you exist trained in school helps you learn recent programming languages and tools quicker seeing that the core concepts are familiar. What school offers you is the self-discipline to exist taught recent and tough ideas fleet and basic abilities of programming to gain you going. although, it’s crucial to Do a lot of self-teaching birthright through faculty to exist updated and Do internships every time which you can.
What became the best issue about your internship or that came about birthright through your internship? The Intern Signature event! sum the company’s 2,000 interns accumulate in a huge park to play video games, consume and watch a reside concert. The artist had been kept a covert sum over the internship, so this is where they at ultimate gain to determine who it became. every person had their personal guesses, but no person knew for confident who it changed into going to be. Moments earlier than the leading artist regarded, one intern standing at the back of me turned into joking that Pitbull changed into going to exist the singer. I laughed and didn’t buy it seriously. i used to exist like, “There is no manner. Pitbull? Out of sum people…”. well, which you can imagine my amaze when Mr. worldwide himself came out singing “Don’t discontinue the birthday party”.
What did you relish most about your event? The americans that I met. That’s basically what made it brilliant. I made loads of friends and loads of us would at sum times exit collectively to explore the city, to party, and to head climbing as well. additionally, the manner i used to exist challenged on diverse fronts. i was challenged on my talent to exist trained and bring quickly and on my skill to answer recent individuals. I favored that i used to exist pushed outside of my comfort zone each day.
What did you learn about your self? The internship exposed lots of my weaknesses and barriers as a developer. I realized that I requisite to expend greater time within the planning and design section before moving on with the implementation. I likewise realized that I’m a brief learner. I needed to gain scholarship of loads of recent tools and expend them reform away and that i became capable of manage that.
How did you expand your professional community? Microsoft offers a program called the Intern Networking application that you can pick to opt-in as an intern. the style it really works is that a week you obtain an electronic mail introducing you to a full-time worker from Microsoft working in a special team within the business. Then, you contact mentioned worker and you organize to maintain lunch with them. There, you can gain to grasp them, inquire them about what they do, and inquire them for suggestions. I did that program and talked to more than a dozen full-time personnel from groups reminiscent of windows, office, and Azure and even other interns from faculties akin to MIT.
How did it back you flaunt your self within the “precise-world?” speaking with authorities, demonstrating application for my team each two weeks, and difficult myself maintain sum made me a far better professional in normal. I proved to myself, and to the realm, that i can dangle my ground even when i am absolutely outdoor my consolation zone, which i was at Microsoft. One jiffy the site I definitely felt validated changed into at the very finish where I had to demo my closing product to the better usathat maintain been my supervisor, my supervisor’s boss and his colleague. They appreciated the product and that they were already discussing how lots money and resources they had been going to reserve money into it usurp in entrance of me. one in sum them observed to me, “The proven fact that they are even having this discussion at sum is a salubrious mark that you just did a superb job.”
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This chapter from Professional surpass Development: The Definitive steer to Developing Applications Using Microsoft Excel, VBA, and .NET, 2nd Edition<</em> introduces VB.NET along with the .NET Framework, shows how you can automate surpass with VB.NET, and finally covers ADO.NET, which is used to connect to and retrieve data from various data sources.This chapter is from the book
In 2002, Microsoft released the first version of its development suite Visual Studio.NET (VS.NET) together with the .NET Framework. Since then, Microsoft has released recent versions of the Framework and development suite in quick succession. Microsoft has strongly indicated that .NET is the flagship development platform now and for the foreseeable future.
Visual Basic.NET (VB.NET) is fraction of VS.NET, and despite its similarity in the designation with Classic VB (VB6), the two maintain cramped in common. VB.NET is the successor to Classic VB and as such it provides the talent to create more technically modern solutions, a large group of recent and updated controls, and a recent advanced IDE. moving from Classic VB to VB.NET is a non-trivial process, primarily because VB.NET is based on a recent and completely different technology platform.
Excel developers likewise countenance the situation where applications created with the recent .NET technology requisite to communicate with applications based on the older COM technology, for example, VB.NET applications communicating with Excel. Because surpass is a COM-based application it cannot communicate directly with code written in .NET.All .NET code that communicates with surpass must cross the .NET COM boundary. This is essential to back in judgement because it is a challenge to manage and can maintain significant performance implications.
In the first fraction of this chapter, VB.NET is introduced along with the .NET Framework. The second fraction of this chapter focuses on how they can automate surpass with VB.NET. Finally they cover ADO.NET, which is used to connect to and retrieve data from various data sources. ADO.NET is the successor to classic ADO on the .NET platform.
To provide a better understanding of VB.NET, they develop a practical solution, the PETRAS Report Tool.NET. This solution is a fully functional Windows Forms based reporting tool. It retrieves data from the PETRAS SQL Server database and uses surpass templates to present the reports.
VB.NET, ADO.NET, and the .NET Framework are book-length topics in their own right; what they examine here and in the two following chapters merely scratches the surface. At the finish of this chapter you find some recommended books and online resources that provide additional detail on these subjects.
The .NET Framework is the core of .NET. Before they can develop or flee any .NET-based solutions, the Framework must exist installed and available. The Framework provides the foundation for sum .NET software development. The .NET Framework is likewise liable for interoperability between .NET solutions and COM servers and components. This topic is covered later in the chapter. For the purposes of their discussion, they can reckon of the .NET Framework architecture as consisting of two major parts:
The rapid evolution of the .NET Framework is reflected in the large number of versions available. Different Framework versions can coexist on one computer, and multiple versions of the Framework can exist flee side-by-side simultaneously on the very computer. However, an application can only expend one version of the .NET Framework at any one time. The Framework version that becomes vigorous is determined by which version is required by the .NET-based program that is loaded first. A universal recommendation is to only maintain one version of the Framework installed on a target computer.
Because there are several different Framework versions in common expend and they may not exist able to control the version available on the computers they target, they requisite to apply the very strategy to the .NET Framework as they Do when targeting multiple surpass versions: Develop against the lowest Framework version they device to target. Of course there will likewise exist situations that dictate the Framework version they requisite to target, such as corporate clients who maintain standardized on a specific version.
As of this writing, the two most common Framework versions are 2.0 and 3.0. Both versions can exist used on Windows XP, and version 3.0 is included with Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008. Visual Studio 2008 (VS 2008) includes both of these Framework versions as well as version 3.5. By providing sum current Framework versions, VS 2008 makes it facile to select the most usurp version to expend when pile their solutions. Versions 3.0 and 3.5 of the .NET Framework are backward compatible in a similar manner as the latest versions of the surpass remonstrate libraries.
The .NET Framework can flee on sum versions of Windows from Windows 98 forward, but to develop .NET-based solutions they requisite to maintain Windows 2000 or later. If they device to target Windows XP or earlier they requisite to design confident the desired version of the .NET Framework is installed on the target computer, because these Windows versions Do not involve the Framework preinstalled. sum versions of the Framework are available for download from the Microsoft Web site and can exist redistributed easily. To avoid confusion, they only expend version 2.0 of the .NET Framework in this chapter and the next.
Last time, I described how Apple turned its failure to develop a modern OS into a majestic success. The purchase of NeXT gave Apple a buzzword-compliant OS with a well ecosystem of high-quality third-party applications. Meanwhile, Microsoft was lumbering along with Windows XP. Although technically sound, it was shot through with the decisions made more than a decade earlier for 16-bit Windows.
In 2001, when XP was released, this was not such a colossal deal. The first two or three versions of Mac OS X were troublesome, to grunt the least. Performance was weak, there were stability issues, and version 10.0 arguably wasn't even feature complete. It wasn't until early 2002 that Apple even made Mac OS X the default OS on recent Macs; for the first few months of its life, XP was up against "Classic" Mac OS 9.Further Reading From Win32 to Cocoa: A Windows user’s would-be conversion to Mac OS X
But OS X didn't stand still. Apple released a string of updates in quick succession, strengthening the platform with recent features relish Core Audio, Core Image, Core Data, and Quartz Extreme, and providing high-quality applications that exploited these abilities. sum this time, XP itself stood still. The core Windows platform didn't change between 2001 and late 2006.
Although XP itself was essentially unchanged, Microsoft did try to bear a modern, appealing platform for future development. That platform was, of course, .NET, and observant readers will maintain noticed that I didn't mention it in fraction one. This was no accident, as the entire .NET tale deserved a more thorough examination.Microsoft attempts modernity
In 2002, Microsoft released the .NET Framework. The .NET Framework was brand spanking new. It was designed and implemented from the ground up. It could maintain been cleanly and consistent and orthogonal and with a lucid design and powerful concepts. It could maintain been a passage out of the quagmire that is Win32. It could maintain provided salvation—an environment free of 16-bit legacy decisions, with powerful APIs on a par with what Apple had developed.Enlarge / The .NET Framework stack Wikimedia Commons
It was certainly promoted as such. .NET was pushed as the future, the passage sum Windows development would occur in the future. The plans became quite aggressive; in the OS that was to succeed Windows XP, recent functionality would exist accessed not through Win32 but through .NET, signification that any developer wanting to exploit the latest and greatest OS features would maintain to venture into this dauntless recent world.
So .NET could maintain been a step into the 21st century. It could maintain been, but it wasn't. Technically, .NET was fine. The virtual machine infrastructure was pretty sound, the performance was reasonable, and C# was an adequate (if not exactly ground-breaking) language. But the library—the .NET "API" used for such diverse tasks as writing files, reading data from databases, sending information over a network, parsing XML, or creating a GUI—the library is another tale altogether.
The library is extremely bad. It is simplistic and adamant and in many ways quite limited. See, .NET has a colossal problem: its target audience. .NET was meant to exist a unified platform that sum developers would use—after all, if recent OS features required .NET, a broad cross-section of developers would expend it. The problem is that not sum developers are created equal. By looking at the different kinds of developers out there, they can understand why .NET is the passage it is. What follows is not an exhaustive taxonomy of sum the eerie and wonderful breeds of programmer, but rather a scabrous taxonomy of some of the key species.Our favorite benevolent of frail campaign swag. A developer taxonomy
At one level, you maintain people who are basically business analysts; they're using Access or surpass or VB6 to write data analyzing/number crunching applications. These things are hugely essential in the business world, totally unexciting to anyone else, and the people writing them aren't really "programmers." I mean, they are, in the sense that they're writing programs, but they're not especially interested in programming or anything relish that. They don't really confidence about the attribute of the libraries and tools they're using; they just want something simple enough that they can pick it up without too much difficulty. They'll never write the best code or the best programs in the world; they won't exist elegant or well-structured or pretty to contemplate at. But they'll work. Historically, as I said, these are the benevolent of people who Access is made for. Access is a majestic tool, quite unparalleled. Sure, it's a lousy database engine with a hideous programming language, but the power it gives these people is immense. So Access and VB6 and surpass macros are where it's at for these guys.
At the next level, you maintain the journeyman developers. Now these people aren't "business" people—they are proper programmers. But it's just a job, and they'll mind to stick with what they know rather than try to Do something better. They might exist a bit more discerning about their tools than the business types, but they're not going to pace out of their passage to pick up recent skills and learn recent things. They might expend VB6 or Java or C# or whatever; it doesn't really matter to them, as they'll expend whatever offers them the best employment opportunities at any given moment. Their code will probably contemplate more or less the very no matter what. They're not going to learn the idioms of whatever specific language they're using, because there's no need, so it's just not for them.
A key feature of these developers is that, most of the time, they're writing "enterprise" software. This isn't software that will sit on a shelf in a store for someone to buy; it's custom applications to assist with some business process or other. verisimilitude exist told, it probably won't maintain to contemplate very nice or labor very well; it just has to gain the job done. With "enterprise" software, you can often gain away with a clunky program, because the people who are using it maintain sum been trained on what to do. If doing X makes the application crash, that's okay—they can just exist taught not to Do X any more.
In spite of the often mediocre attribute of the software these people write, they're a group that's immensely essential to Microsoft. These programs are a key fraction of the platform lock-in that Microsoft craves. If a company has some business-critical custom application written in Visual Basic 6, that company isn't going to roll out Linux to its desktops; it's trapped on Windows.
At the final level, you maintain the conscientious developers. These are people who confidence about what they're doing. They might exist writing business apps somewhere (although they probably abhor it, unless they are on a team of like-minded individuals) but, probably more likely, they're writing programs in their own time. They want to learn about what's collected and new; they want to Do the birthright thing on their platforms; they want to learn recent techniques and better solutions to existing problems. They might exist using unusual development platforms, or they might exist using C++, but they'll exist writing salubrious code that's usurp to their tools. They'll heed UI guidelines (and only smash them when appropriate); they'll expend recent features that the platform has to offer; they'll shove things to the limit. In a salubrious way, of course.
In the pre-.NET world, this wasn't really a colossal problem. The first group used surpass macros and Access; the second group used Visual Basic 6, and the ultimate group could expend C++ or whatever beret-wearing funky scripting language was à la mode at the time. This sum worked out fine, because one of the few nice things about Win32 is that it was designed for C. C is in many ways a very simple language, and it's likewise a ubiquitous language. As a consequence of this, pretty much every other programming language created in the ultimate couple of decades can, one passage or another, summon C APIs.".NET could maintain been a step into the 21st century. It could maintain been, but it wasn't."
.NET isn't relish that. Although .NET can summon C APIs (just relish everything else can), the true objective is for sum programming to reside in the .NET world. .NET is meant to exist the entire platform, with sum the different languages that people expend alive inside the .NET environment. This is why .NET has APIs for tasks relish reading and writing files; in the .NET world you're not meant to expend Win32 to Do these things, you're meant to expend .NET's facilities for doing them. It's noiseless feasible to expend different languages with .NET (in fact, it's easier than it was in the pre-.NET days). Just now, the different languages sum expend the common set of .NET APIs for drawing windows on screen, or saving files, or querying databases, and so on.
Because everything now has to live "within" the .NET world, .NET has to exist sum things to sum people. Well actually, that's not true. It's trying to exist salubrious enough for the first and second benevolent of programmer. The third type—well, just ignore them. They're too demanding anyway. They're the ones who confidence about their tools and gain upset when an API is badly designed. They're the ones who notice the inconsistencies and omissions and gripe about them.
The .NET library is simple to the point of being totally dumbed down; it's probably okay for the first and second groups, not least because they don't know any better, but for the rest it's an exercise in frustration. This frustration is exacerbated when it's compared to .NET's colossal competitor, Java. Java is no panacea; it too is aiming roughly at the middle benevolent of developer, which is understandable, as they're the most numerous. But Java's much more high-minded. It's much stronger on concepts, making it easier to learn. Sun doesn't gain it birthright the entire time, but the people behind Java maintain clearly made something of an effort.
One practical manifestation of this is that .NET reflects a lot of the noxious decisions made in Win32. For example, .NET provides an API named Windows Forms for writing GUIs. Windows Forms is based heavily on the Win32 GUI APIs; the very GUI APIs that owe their design to Win16. To properly write Windows Forms programs, you requisite to know how Win32 works, because there are concepts from Win32 that design their presence felt in Windows Forms. In Win32, every window is related to a specific thread. There can exist multiple windows that belong to a thread, but every window is owned by exactly one thread. Almost every action that updates a window in some way—moving it on-screen, changing some text, animating some graphics, anything relish that—has to exist performed within the thread that owns the window.
This restriction in itself is not entirely uncommon. There are very few truly multithreaded GUI APIs, because it tends to design programs more complicated for no true benefit. The problem lies in how .NET makes developers ply this restriction. There's a passage to test whether an update to a window needs to exist sent to the thread that actually owns the window or not, along with a mechanism for sending the update to the window's thread. Except this passage doesn't always work. Under some situations, it can disclose you that you're using the reform thread already even if you're not. If the program then carries on and tries to fulfill the update, it may succeed or it may hang or crash the application. The judgement for this unhelpful behavior is the passage Windows Forms depends so heavily on Win32.
These cramped issues are abundant. The .NET library does work. It more or less has sum the main pieces you need, but it's replete of areas where you maintain to deal, directly or indirectly, with the obsolescent mediocrity of Win32. On their own, no fraction of these issues would exist a show-stopper, but they sum add up. It's a death of a thousand cuts. There are so many places where the Win32 underpinnings "shine through" and taint what should maintain been a brand-new platform.What about Win64?
If Win32 was a mess and .NET didn't fix it, the other break MS could maintain had was to fix it for Win64, the 64-bit Windows API. Porting a program to Win64 requires a recompile at the very least, and it can often require code changes to avoid doing things that are safe for 32-bit processors but not for their 64-bit brethren. Because of this necessary recompile, one would reckon that MS could surely maintain tidied things up a bit. Maybe not radically overhauled, but tidied up.
For example, there's a duty called OpenFile. OpenFile was a Win16 function. It opens files, obviously enough. In Win32 it was deprecated—kept in, to allow 16-bit apps to exist ported to Win32 more easily, but deprecated sum the same. In Win32 it has always been deprecated. The documentation for OpenFile says, "Note: Only expend this duty with 16-bit versions of Windows. For newer applications, expend the CreateFile function." But in spite of that, Win64 noiseless has OpenFile. No one should exist using it, but it's noiseless there.
Another example; Win32 has a duty for getting the size of a file. File sizes on Windows are limited to 2^64 bytes, and so they requisite a 64-bit integer to exist expressed easily. But the API summon to gain the size of a file doesn't give you a 64-bit value. Instead, it gives you a pair of 32-bit values that maintain to exist combined in a particular way. For 32-bit Windows, that's sort of understandable; 32-bit Windows is, well, 32-bit, so you might not hope to exist able to expend 64-bit integers. But if you expend the very API in 64-bit Windows, it noiseless gives you the pair of numbers, rather than just a nice simple 64-bit number. While this made some benevolent of sense on 32-bit Windows, it makes no sense at sum on 64-bit Windows, since 64-bit Windows can, by definition, expend 64-bit numbers.
And of course, developers can cope with this. no fraction of this clunkiness is fatal. Taken in isolation, every one of the problems with Win32 and .NET could exist tolerated. But together, they greatly diminish the appeal of the platform. It just makes writing salubrious programs harder than it should exist and learning the API harder than it requisite be.Problems for Microsoft
So Windows is just a catastrophe to write programs for. It's miserable. It's quite nice if you want to expend the very techniques you erudite 15 years ago and not bother to change how you do, well, anything, but for anyone else it's sum pain. I thought before that Microsoft cared about people relish me. But it doesn't. And it makes programming on Windows painful. Microsoft is majestic at backwards compatibility—you can buy really frail programs and compile and flee them on a brand recent Windows—but terrible at design and terrible at providing a salubrious experience."None of this clunkiness is fatal. Taken in isolation, every one of the problems with Win32 and .NET could exist tolerated. But together, they greatly diminish the appeal of the platform."
And it's not just third parties who suffer. It causes mishap for Microsoft, too. The code isn't just inconsistent and repulsive on the outside; it's that passage on the inside, too. There's a lot of software for Windows, a lot of business-critical software, that's not maintained any more. And that software is usually buggy. It passes noxious parameters to API calls, uses recollection that it has released, assumes that files live in particular hardcoded locations, sum sorts of things that it shouldn't do. If the OS changes underneath—to prohibit the reuse of freed memory, to more aggressively validate parameters, to stick more closely to the documentation without making extra assumptions or causing special side-effects—then these programs break.
So Windows has sum sorts of bits of code which are there to provide compatibility with these broken applications. It's difficult for MS to maintain and fix this code, because it means the code no longer does what it's documented to do; it does that plus some other stuff. It's difficult to test, because there's no knowing exactly what broken things programs are going to try to do. And it makes things more expensive; Microsoft has all sorts of special behaviours it needs to preserve. This means that not only can it not design the API better—it can't even easily design the API's implementation better. It's sum too fragile.
This gives mount to particularly obtuse things relish the designation of the "system" folder, where sum the Windows libraries and programs are kept. In 16-bit Windows, it was called system. In 32-bit Windows, it was called system32. In 64-bit Windows it's called, er, system32 again. Because although there's an API summon that programs can design to find out the designation of the folder, there are enough programs that don't bother using it and just blindly assume that it's called system32 (even when compiled as 64-bit) that it was better for backwards compatibility to leave it, even though it's chock replete of 64-bit files.
32-bit files in circle pace into a directory named syswow64. Right, it has 64 in the name, because it contains 32-bit libraries. design sense? Only in Redmond. sum these aberrant behaviors and clumsy APIs that they've built up over the years maintain just been plonked wholesale into 64-bit Windows. There's no evade from them.Beyond XP
If MS wasn't going to provide nice cleanly APIs for sum the frail stuff, there was at least some hope that they'd create an attractive and high-quality OS to succeed the (extremely successful) Windows XP. This is, after all, the other fraction of the OS X equation. Apple has reserve together a salubrious platform to develop on and then gone to actually design the most of what its operating system has to offer, by producing high attribute applications that depend on the unique features that Mac OS X provides.
Third-party applications very much look to follow suit. There might not exist as much third-party software for Mac OS X as there is for Windows (a pleasing operating environment can only Do so much to mitigate a 3 percent market share), but the attribute of the applications is a majestic deal better. Third-party developers on Mac OS X strive to design applications that labor in a passage that's consistent with the OS itself, with first-party applications, and even with each other.
These factors mind to reinforce each other. A salubrious API makes it easier to write high-quality applications. High-quality, first-party applications set the yardstick by which third-party apps are judged and ensure that users maintain high expectations of the software they run. This in circle means that there is much more competition among third parties to bear something that's majestic rather than merely acceptable. Regular updates to the OS back developers on the upgrade treadmill; they labor to design their applications providential in with the latest and greatest release, leveraging whatever recent bells and whistles it provides, further improving the software ecosystem.
In the early stages of Microsoft's development of a successor to Windows XP, it looked relish the software side of things might maintain taken a leap forward. Win32 would noiseless exist Win32, unfortunately, but the original XP successor (codenamed Longhorn) was going to provide a entire raft of functionality built using .NET. This would exist coupled with radical changes in Explorer and the Windows shell to provide something much slicker and better-looking than XP offered. Early in the development of Longhorn, they saw demos of a recent benevolent of application; applications built using the recent Longhorn technology, with a consistent contemplate and feel.
Except, as by now they sum know, Longhorn never made it. Some recent features were dropped completely, others were just scaled back, some were even ported to XP. Even when the underlying technology was kept, the good-looking, easy-to-write application development that was promoted never really materialized. Instead, what they got was Windows Vista.Enlarge / Windows Vista's Start menu and its integrated Search box. Andrew Cunningham Vista, Schmista
With the ambitious Longhorn plans sitting in the trash, Microsoft produced a much more evolutionary OS. It has some spirited recent technology under the hood, but unfortunately most of this is invisible to anyone using the system. What they Do see is an uninspiring mess.
The providential and finish of Vista is astonishingly poor. With Vista's UI guidelines, Microsoft has tried to buy some things that MacOS has been doing forever and interject them to Windows. For example, dialog boxes in Windows maintain traditionally been poorly designed, because their buttons are given generic labels relish "Yes" and "No," or "OK" and "Cancel," which means the entire message has to exist read and understood for the buttons to design sense. This is bad, because people generally don't read the message and just click a button at random.
For example, if you try to immediate Notepad without saving your document, Windows used to ask, "Do you want to redeem the changes?" with buttons marked "Yes," "No," and "Cancel." Yes, No, and Cancel base nothing on their own; you requisite to read the message to design sense of them. In Vista's Notepad, in keeping with the recent UI guidelines, although the dialogue box noiseless asks, "Do you want to redeem changes to Untitled?" the buttons are labeled "Save," "Don't save," and "Cancel." This is much better—the buttons now maintain meaningful labels that grunt what they'll Do instead of generic text that could Do anything. It's only taken Microsoft 20 years to gain this right, but finally now it's done so.
The UI guidelines certainly maintain the birthright idea. But they then gain ignored. They gain ignored by Vista itself. They gain ignored by Microsoft's flagship applications relish Office. They gain ignored by third parties. The result is that the entire Windows Vista experience feels mediocre. Pictures are worth a thousand words, they say, so let's buy a contemplate at Microsoft's flagship OS running its flagship softwareEnlarge / O_o
Except for one application (Visual Studio 2005) those are sum the current versions of currently-supported Microsoft software released in the ultimate couple of years.
None of them—not a solitary one—works in the very passage as any other. Only one of them (Notepad) uses the "native" built-in appearance (i.e. the one most easily available to third-party software). Many of them maintain features in common—opening and saving files, typing words, editing properties—and yet to a confident degree they conspire to sum Do so differently. It is a total mess. These aren't just minor failures of consistency, either. The people liable for these applications maintain deliberately chosen to give the platform's yardstick contemplate and feel the finger. That's noxious enough for standalone applications; it's even worse when some of those applications are fraction of the platform itself.
There isn't even any benevolent of internal consistency. The Explorer Window and the IE window look, at first glance, to exist similar; similar graphical style for the forward/back button, for example. But they're not. The spacing is different; the drop-down arrow in the IE window has more space around it than the counterpart in Explorer.
Even when the very nonstandard concept is used, it's done differently. Windows Live Messenger, Internet Explorer, and Windows Media Player sum maintain a "hidden" menu bar. The menu bar is noiseless there, just not visible by default. And each one of them exposes its menu bar in a different way, doing essentially the very thing gratuitously differently. It might well exist that getting rid of the menu bar is a salubrious idea—but there's no justification at sum for making them sum similar-but-different.
Taken alone, these are sum fairly minor things. reserve together, the interface is just completely shambolic. It looks amateurish. The quirks of each recent interface maintain to exist erudite anew. This slap-dash approach to look-and-feel gives the impression of a platform that no one really cares about. That very contempt for norms and standards inflicts third-party applications. And, really, why shouldn't it? If Microsoft can't exist bothered to design Windows applications that feel relish Windows applications, why should anyone else pace to the effort? And even if a developer does want to pace to the effort, what's he meant to buy his cues from? Should he copy IE? WMP? Explorer? Notepad? Office? Visual Studio?
To add insult to injury, it's wasteful. Explorer and IE may contemplate similar, but they're different codebases. The code to give that benevolent of no-menu window with an address bar and a search box and this and that, it's not shared between the two. It might maintain been at one time. But now it's not. So there's twice the development exertion to create and maintain these applications. What could maintain been done once now has to exist done twice. And again for Word, and Outlook, and Visual Studio, and Visio, and Expression Blend. Each time I maintain to learn a recent UI, some team at Microsoft had to write a recent UI and test a recent UI and maintain a recent UI. That's not a salubrious expend of their time, when they could maintain done it once.
Mac OS X is by no means consummate in this regard, but it's nowhere near as bad. Applications relish the Finder and iTunes establish confident norms and conventions, and third-party applications Do a pretty salubrious job of following these (or adapting them to recent situations). There aren't OS X applications where the menu bar works totally differently. Apple hasn't produced a different UI style for each and every application. Sure, they Do maintain more than one style—the "pro" apps (Aperture, FCP, etc.) expend a darker scheme than middling apps—but there's noiseless an order of magnitude more consistency and coherence on OS X than on Windows. Apple cares about appearances and Apple provides sturdy GUI models to copy. The result? Third parties bear good-looking applications that labor relish the OS they flee on. And accordingly, users claim that their applications conform to the overall contemplate and feel of the platform.
The judgement must exist that no one in Microsoft actually gives a damn. Each group develops their own UI widgets in their own style and they simply don't confidence that it's a total mess. They don't confidence that I maintain to learn recent ways of doing the very job just because they couldn't exist bothered to Do things the very passage as other applications. I'm not saying, for example, that they shouldn't maintain introduced the ribbon concept in Office 2007, because it seems to labor pretty well, and I can believe that it really is a better UI model. But they should maintain taken stock of what they were doing and made it a system-wide UI device. recent widgets and UI models Do crop up from time to time, but they should exist rare, and when they Do appear, Microsoft should design them universal so that everyone can expend them.
Microsoft's continuous and repetitive reinvention of the wheel again just makes the job for third-party developers that much more unpleasant. Because even when a developer does want to design something that "fits in," and even when that developer has picked a specific application to providential in with, MS noiseless offers inconsistent choices. buy the Office 2007 ribbon as an example. The ribbon is pretty cool, and it's obvious that third parties will want to expend the ribbon themselves (even if it might not exist the best providential for their application, but sadly there's not much that can exist done about that). Unfortunately, the Office 2007 ribbon is fraction of Office 2007. It's not a fraction of Windows, it's instead built in to Office, and not usable for other software.
Recognizing the gap in functionality here, a third-party developer produced its own ribbon-like remonstrate that developers could embed into their programs to gain a ribbon user interface. Microsoft in circle bought the third-party remonstrate and is now distributing it to developers using the current version of Visual C++. Oh, yeah—it's only for C++ developers. No ribbon for .NET developers. So now MS has two ribbons; the Office code and recent one it bought in. That's frustrating enough—it would exist better to Do the labor to reserve the Office 2007 ribbon into a nice cramped library so the behavior would exist identical—but it's tolerable.
Here's the bit that blows the mind: Microsoft is going to develop another ribbon, this time as fraction of Windows Seven. It won't exist the Office one, and it won't exist the Visual C++ one. It will exist a recent one. And, oh, this one won't exist .NET either. The confusion of UIs in Windows mirrors the confusion of development within Microsoft.Enlarge / A close store front for many, just not (yet) Peter Bright. Steve Rhodes What about me?
So where does that leave me? I want to write nice applications. I want to exist able to concentrate on my own code rather than fighting the API the entire time. I want my applications to providential in with the OS and labor in a passage that's consistent with first-party applications and even other third-party programs. I want this because I reckon it leads to better software; it means I can expend my time creating innovative and useful software that people relish using. I really want to Do this, but you know what? On Windows it's just too damn hard.
Microsoft has had salubrious opportunities to Do something about this, but they maintain been systematically squandered through a combination of ineptitude, mismanagement, and slavish adherence to backwards compatibility. The disillusionment I feel is incredible. I relish writing programs, but I don't relish writing for Windows. And while once it made sense to stick with Windows, it just doesn't any more. There's now an attractive alternative: Mac OS X.
This has been fraction two of a three-part series. In fraction three, I will contemplate at just how Microsoft got into this status and what it might Do to regain Windows' position as the best computing platform going.
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